How I lost money in real estate before it was fashionable, Part V: Sold! and the taxman cometh.

Previously:  Part IV:  I Become a Landlord

Part V: Sold! and the taxman cometh.

One of the few good things to come from all this was the bond and friendship we owners developed.

My pal, whose name I have somehow shamefully managed to forget, was now the Condo Association president and he kept an eye on my place for me as it sat empty.  He knew I was desperately interested in selling.  One happy day a woman approached him to ask if he knew of any units available for sale in the building.

“Well,” he said “this is a very desirable building and units rarely come on the market.  But, as luck would have it, I do know one owner who might be persuaded to part with his.”  And he gave her my number.  Bless you and your subtlety, my friend.  I should have remembered your name.

It took a lot to get this place sold

When she called my heart, as my old Medicine Man pal would have said, soared with the eagles.  I wasted no time in arranging a business trip to Chicago.

We met.  I showed her the apartment.  She loved it.  (It was, despite the bitter tale surrounding it, quite a nice place.)  Turns out her boyfriend lived in the building and they wanted to be closer together.  Guess what?  His unit and mine shared an adjoining wall.  They could, if they so choose, break this wall and create a single grand space.

Not only was this the building she wanted, my apartment was for her the most perfect one.  If only she’d been stupid my stars would have been fully aligned.  She was not.  She was, curse it all, a lawyer.

“How much do you,” she said cooly, “want for the place?”

“Well,” I said as nonchalantly as I could manage, “I hear condo prices have been flat these past few years.  I paid 45k for it back in ’79.  I could let it go for that.”  And then celebrate uncontrollably till my eyes fell out.

“I’ll give you 35k,” she said, not blinking.  This is a beautiful moment; when in the course of negotiations you get to a price that works for you and the rest is just how much icing will be on this cake.  The weight of years was finally lifting.

A bit of back and forth and we settled on 40k, not coincidentally what I owed the bank.

The deal went thru without a hitch.  It was the middle of 1985.  After six long years I was free and it only cost me $26,960.  $5000 loss on the sale and the $21,960 total of the monthly losses.

Of course, I’d had some tax breaks along the way that softened this a bit, but who’s counting?

The IRS, as it turns out, was counting.

According to them, I had a $15,000 profit and I now owed a $3000 (20% at the time) capital gains tax on it.  Surprised?  Well maybe not if you’re one of the real estate pros who read this blog, but I was stunned.

For the rest of us, here’s how.

As I mentioned, with all that cash bleeding away each month, I was desperate for some relief.  Turns out when you own investment real estate the acceptable business model allows you to assume the building will wear out over time.  This is called “depriciation” and it is considered an operating expense.  As such, it is deductable in the eyes of the IRS.  Further, back when I was doing this there was an option called “accelerated depriciation” and this is exactly what it sounds like.  You can choose to state that your building is wearing out at a faster rate and thereby take a larger deduction.  Of course, I grabbed this with both hands like the drowning man I was.

Now here’s the thing.  The IRS is nobody’s fool.  When you sell they are going to want their cut on your capital gain.  Your captital gain (or loss) is not the differnce between what you paid and what you sell it for. It is the difference between your “cost basis” and what you sell it for.

“But wait,” I hear you say, “you sold at a loss, Jim.  You sold for 40k and you paid 45k.  There is no gain to tax.”  You are half right.  There is no gain, but there is a 15k “profit” to tax. “Cost basis,” you see, is an entirely different thing that what you paid for the place.

The problem is the depricition I’d been taking must now be accounted for.  It amounted to 20k over the years.  This 20k reduced my cost basis from the 45k purchase price to an adjusted cost basis of 25k.  Since I sold for 40k, voila!  A 15k taxable gain.

The taxman givith and the taxman taketh away.

Here, finally, my sad tale ends.  This is the final tally:

$21,960 in operating losses

$5,000 capital loss on the sale

$3000 capital gains tax

$29,960 down the tubes.  That, my friends, in the early 1980s was serious cash.  When I really want to depress myself I calculate that invested in a fund like VTSAX it would be worth around a quarter million dollars by now.

I shoulda bought a Porsche.

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21 Comments

  1. Josh
    Posted March 29, 2012 at 9:13 pm | Permalink

    Great tale Jim. I thoroughly enjoyed the agony!

  2. scleroticwar
    Posted March 29, 2012 at 10:00 pm | Permalink

    The experience was worth it – just for the wonderful tale you just told!
    Great story!

  3. Trisha Ray
    Posted March 29, 2012 at 10:06 pm | Permalink

    Jim, We enjoyed the story so much, we’re hardly sorry you went through the experience!
    All’s well that ends well.. and the IRS always seems to win anyway. It’s part of playing the game.

    • Posted March 30, 2012 at 8:11 pm | Permalink

      I pleased to hear it, Trish. It’s our failures that teach us the most. The IRS never even sent me a thank you note.

  4. Posted March 29, 2012 at 10:53 pm | Permalink

    Interesting to learn about accelerated depreciation, and how it impacts capital gains tax. But finally – you were out. No doubt you were happy to have that anchor no longer weighing you down. And you learned enough (and remember it vividly from quite awhile ago) to steer clear of the same problems in the future. An instructive tale!

    • Posted March 30, 2012 at 8:12 pm | Permalink

      Hi vinoE…

      wish I could have learned that little lesson at less expense. I’d have been drinking better wine sooner.

      Still, it was a great education. Expensive, but great.

  5. Posted March 31, 2012 at 12:25 am | Permalink

    Jim, I like your candidness. You are a very good story teller. I am sure that this was a roller coaster experience for you, but you learned valuable lessons that you can’t learn from even an Ivy league school. So, it’s not bad. Thanks for sharing.

    • Posted March 31, 2012 at 7:58 pm | Permalink

      Thanks Shilpan….

      …I’ve often thought about the point you make. While it was tough to go thru and 30k expensive there is no better teacher.

      In terms of an education, I got my money’s worth.

  6. Trisha Ray
    Posted March 31, 2012 at 8:30 am | Permalink

    My first house in Spain became a rental house, since I wasn’t there that often. I had a local rental agent. The house was cute, beautiful views of the ocean, and the town was growing. But it really didn’t seem to be doing that well. The agent said it just wasn’t a popular place to rent. Every time I told him I was coming down to visit, the place stood empty.
    One time, without mentioning I was coming, I just flew down for a weekend. Knew it wouldn’t be a problem, since no one ever rented the place anyway. I took my key and opened the door. A shirtless man with a beer in his hand answered. “Who are you?” he asked, somewhat annoyed.
    “Who are YOU?” I asked.
    Well, it of course turns out the place was wildly popular, always full, and always rented. And I never received any of the money. Although I expected the agent to perhaps skim a bit off the top, I hadn’t bargained with receiving absolutely nothing.
    So much for my first rental experience!

    • Posted March 31, 2012 at 7:59 pm | Permalink

      That’s a great story!

      So what happened to the shirtless guy? Did you toss him out?

      • Trish
        Posted April 3, 2012 at 10:24 am | Permalink

        Funny…he was gone by the time I returned to the house…
        The neighbors told me it was “always” rented!
        Ah well. We get smarter as we get older. I hope.

  7. Posted April 2, 2012 at 10:55 am | Permalink

    That’s some seriously accelerated depreciation!
    Thanks for sharing your story. I’m sure it was painful to relive all of those expensive financial lessons!

    • Posted April 3, 2012 at 7:56 am | Permalink

      no more than ripping open any long healed scar. :)

      Accelerated deprecation was all the RE investment rage back then. Inflation was very high so cash flow was hard to come by and the added deduction helped.

      Price appreciation was the name of the game. You had the unique situation of owning RE assets that were, except for mine, growing in value at the same time you could report to the IRS they were depreciating.

      A beautiful thing right up until you sold.

  8. Posted April 2, 2012 at 11:20 pm | Permalink

    Holy moly! Learned a lot from this series. That tax thing…I still don’t completely understand it. I mean, I understand it mathematically, but it seems conceptually wrong to me. Leave it to the IRS to rob you…

    • Posted April 3, 2012 at 8:01 am | Permalink

      Hi FF….

      what a wonderful compliment! You’ve made my day.

      Actually, I’ll defend the IRS on this.

      When the government allows you to depreciate an asset it effectively reduces your tax bill. The idea is that as a cost of business you are using it up.

      When you sell and in fact haven’t actually used it up, it makes sense that they’d want the taxes paid.

      But it is a very painful surprise if you don’t know it’s coming. :)

  9. Jana
    Posted June 5, 2012 at 2:24 am | Permalink

    Your story gives me hope (that my husband and I are not the only ones who have made mistakes in this area). I married a wonderful man eleven years ago who was firmly convinced by many in his family that investment real estate was the path to financial security. Instead of selling his little two-bedroom house when we bought a larger home, he wanted to rent it and convinced me –against many exhortations and pleading on my part–to agree to this. I was firmly opposed to the idea but wanted to honor him and figured that he knew exactly what we were getting into. Mistake number one. Mistake number two was refinancing this property at the height of the housing boom here in California. Mistake number three was not selling it in time to avoid capital gains taxes. Now we are paying $300 a month on this property (in addition to our regular mortgage payment) over what the rent brings in. We’re not terribly underwater on this rental compared to many here in CA–we could probably sell it for roughly what it’s worth–but actually can’t afford to sell it right now since we would have to pay $15-20,000 capital gains tax on it. This rental prperty has been the number one cause of anguish and discord in our marriage, and we long to be free of it (my husband now acknowleges that the rental was a bad idea). We are stuck and will need to save for several years simply so that we can pay the capital gains tax and be free of this rental. It was reassuring somehow to read your condo/rental story and to hear that others have made mistakes in this area and have been able to recover from them eventually, with careful saving and frugal living.

    Thanks for your very helpful series of posts on this subject!

    • Posted June 5, 2012 at 8:22 am | Permalink

      No Jana….

      …you are not alone!

      Rental RE can be a wonderful investment, but it takes careful planning and a lot of work. . sounds like you guys backed into yours like I did mine.

      and, as you well know, it can be very hard to get out from under a bad one. But the nightmare will end.
      You just have aggressively save enough to pay the tax and be done with it.

      The good news is that by the end you’ll have that savings discipline going on and you can then divert it to you F’you money fund. You’ll wind up better off than ever.

      • Jana
        Posted June 5, 2012 at 3:18 pm | Permalink

        Jim,

        Thanks so much for your encouragement. You’re right–I’ve become a lean, mean savings machine as a result of all of this. There’s a silver lining to every cloud, and I am not sure I would have learned to live so frugally without this experience, painful as it has been. Please keep sharing your wisdom–it is much appreciated!

  10. Posted October 10, 2012 at 4:49 pm | Permalink

    Just read all of this due to your link on Afford Anything… loved it! I mean, not the downsides, but the candidness and learning you present!

    • Posted October 10, 2012 at 4:57 pm | Permalink

      Thanks Anne….

      …glad you found your way here and enjoyed the series. Knowing what NOT to do can be as important as knowing what to do. My RE expertise is weighted to the former. :)

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